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    澳门百利宫足球在线客户端官网【hecheng99.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。福州文厦欣幼儿园(原东台官脚美容美发化妆学校)成立于1997年,占地面积21428平方米,ca335亚洲城DT血狼传说游戏其中生产厂房占地5988平方米,仓库面积占地1232平方米。固定资产0720万元,流动资产5298万元,干部职工共242人,工程技术人员90人。澳门百利宫足球在线客户端官网,heEssenceoftheProblemstoBeAddressedduringtheEleventhFive-YearPlanPeriodThefirsttwoyearsintheEleventhFive-Year%in2006andbyabout3%,thereisastillmuchworktobedonebeforerealizingthegoaloftheEleventsthereasonbehindsuchahugehabitualincreaseinenergyconsumptionperunitGDPWhatnewcircumstancesandproblemsarethererelatedto,,%%peryearinEleventhFive-YearPlanperiodseemsjustslightlyhigherthantheannuallyaveragedecreaseinthepastthreeFive-YearPlanperiods,butactuallyweareconfrontedwithmuchbiggerdifficultiesatpresent,andthenewcir,structuralelementsincludenotonlyindustrialstructures,butalsothe,60%to70%,thingschangedsince2002:structuralelementsturnedtobethedrivingforceforincreasingenergyconsumptionperunitofGDP,ratherthanforenergysaving,,thepositivecontributionoftechnologicalprogresshasbeengreatlyoffsetbythenegativeinfluencefromstructuralelements,,itisimperativetobuildupanewinnermechanismofenergysaving,,incorporatingbothstructuralandtechnicalelements,andincludingbothproductionlinks(energy-intensiveindustriesinparticular),therearesystematicdefectsinenergy-savingadministration,policies,,distinctdefectsexistinthescope,approachanddegreeofgovernmentsinterventioninenergysaving,particularlyrepresentedbyinsufficiencyofpolicyincentives,suchasinadequateincentivemeasuresforenergysavingrelatedtotaxationandpricing,absenceorinapplicabilityoflaws,rulesandstandardsinnewcircumstances,disorderinenergyadministrationsystemlikeenergy-savingmechanism,notableweakeninginenergyadministrationcapabilities,andtheimma,thestructuralelementscausedcontinuousdropofener,theharmbecomesmoreandmorevisibl,tstagefeaturingtheaccelerateddevelopmentofheavyandchemicalindustry,,thepresenteconomicgrowthrategreatlyexceedstheexpectedrateonwhichenergy-savinggoalwasset,,theaveragerateofeco%,andbasedonthatrate,theamountofenergytobesaved(absolutevalue)%.%%,theenergy-savinggoalswillberespectively670millionand700milliontonsofstandardcoalequivalent(mtsce).Therefore,asthepresentgrowthrateismuchhigherthanexpected,enthFive-stmentandtransformationofeconomicgrowthmode,andcurrentenergy-intensiveindustriesshouldbereplacedby,highgrowthrateandlowenergyconsumptioncanhardlybeachievedsimultaneouslya,neithercannewindustriesdrivingeconomicgrowthemergeinashorttime,norcangrowthmodebetransformedovernight,btainedatthesametime,itisnecessarytomakeclearthattoenhances,eenergysavingworkwasconfrontedwithproblemsof"threemoreandthreeless",namely,thecentralgovernmentpaidmoreattentiontothisissuewhereaslocalgovernmentpaidlessattention;moreattentionwasgivenduringenergyshortageorcrisisperiodswhereaslessattentionwasgivenwhenenergywascomparativelysufficient;moreattentionwaspaidinareaswithhighenergyrestric,theenergysavingworkisalsofacedwithproblemsof"threemoreandthreeless",referringtomoremobilizationmeasuresmadebythegovernmentwhereaslessactionstakenbyenterprisesandconsumers;morerequirementsmadewhereaslessconcretemeasures;moreadm,we,legalandadministrativemeasuresaredifferentbynature,ctstheyworkon(Table1):Table1EffectivenessofDifferentMeasuresonDifferentSubjectsAccordingtotheabovedefinitions,electrificationisanimportantindicatortomeasurergyconsumedforpowergeneration,theprimaryenergyconsumptionorelectricpowerconsumption,andtheendenergyconsumption,itisinfactamajorexpressionofeconomicdevelopment,industrialstructure,energyconsumptionstructure,,industrialrestructuring,technologicaladvanceandtheexpansionofpower-supplycapacity,thelevelofChina,energystructure,technologicaladvanceandotherfactors,thechangeinthelevelofelectrificatio(1)Thechangeintheindustrialstru,theratioofcoalconsumptiontoendenergyconsumptioninChinasprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustrieshasbeenonthedecline,while,oil,electricpowerandotherenergieshavedifferentfeaturesintheendenergyconsumptioninthesesectors,thechangeinthestructureofthesesectorshasaconsiderableimpactonthestructureofChinareofnationwideendenergyconsumptionandcoalclaimsthelargestshareofenergyconsumptionbythesecondaryindustry,thechangeinthestrofendenergyconsumption,thechangeinthesoftheenergiesconsumedbythesecondaryandtertiaryindustries,theratioofelectricpowerconsumedbythetwosectorstoendenergyconsumptionhasbeenontheriseduetothnrisingvisibly,theratioofelectricpowerconsumptiontoendenergyconsumptionhasrisenmosttangibl~2006period,%,reaching2,/,%forthe1980~1990period,%forthe1991~2000period,%forthe2001~industryclaimedafairlylargeshareofover70%andthetertiaryindustryandthepeopleslifeclaimarelativelylowshareofabout10%.Thechangeinthestructureofelectricpowerconsumptionindicatesthattheratioofelectricpowerconsumedbytheprimaryindustryhasdroppedyearafteryear,%sistentwi,at81%in1980,%in1990,%in2000,%ngyearafteryear,at10%,%or8percentagepointshigherthanin1980.。

    ChenQingtaiByChenQingtai,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo94,2009Underthetremendouspressureofenergyenvironment,theautoindustryhnologies,the"autoelectrificationtechnology",andthetechnologicalrevolutionbeenunprecedentedinspeed,intensityandcoordinationthattheyhaveevolvedintoa,howtoseizethishistoricopportunitywithunderstanding,policyandactionwillhaveimpactsonChinarissuethatconcernsacountrysvigorouspromotionof"plug-invehicle"shortlyafterhetookofficewasastrategicdecision,basedontheresultandprospectoftechnologicaldevelopmentanddesignedtoreducethedependencyonforeignoil,whichhaschangedAmericaspass,,oilaccountsfor40%ofworldenergyconsumptionand90%ly,whichresultedinv,thepopulationofthenewindustrializingcountries,includingChinaandIndia,ventualdepletionofoilresourceswillbringtheageofcheapoiltoad,thosecountrieswithalatestartinsautoindustryisprosperinginbothproductionandsales,,butitsdependencyonimportedoilroseto25%ssecondlargestoilconsumerandthirdlargestoilimporterin2003,%,Chinasene,therapidgrowthofoilimport,thehighoilpricesandthepollutionarisingfromenergyproductionandconsumptionhaveallexposedChinato,inreducingdependencyonforeignoilandcuttinggreenhousegasemission,China,andcangreatlyeaseChinaspressurefromenergysecurityandenvironmentalprotectioninthecourseofindustrialization,,Chinashouldregardnewenergyrevolutionasamajorstrategyandvehicleelectrificationasahistoricopportunitytoreexaminethesituationofnew-energyvehiclesandthestateautoenergystrategybyproceedingfromnationalenergysecuri,the"autodream"present,Chinaisamajorauto-producingcountry,ovide,dozensofinstitutionsengagedinproduction,academicsandresearchinstitutionswereinvol"threevertical"vehiclemodels,namelypureelectricvehicles,oil-electrichybridvehiclesandfuelcellvehicles,"threehorizontal"generictechnologies,namelymulti-energypowersystem,drivemotoranditscontrolsystem,andpowercellanditsmanagementsystem,andnew-energyvehiclesbasedon"vehiclepowerelectrification".Inthisrace,Chinawasbasicallyonthesame"startline"withothercountries,forthefirsttimeinthecountryzeroemission,itshouldbecomethemaindirectionofChinaeanditsmainautoenterpriwertechnologiesan,Chinaen,Chinasdomestic-developednew-energyvehiclesmadethelargestapplicationtestintheworld,"PlanfortheRejuvenationoftheAutoIndustry"andthe"PilotProjectforThousandVehiclesin10Cities"hange-overtochangeitspassivepositionofexcessdependencyonforeigntechnologies,whichwillinfluencethefuture,isbothafineopportunityandagravechallengetous.,2008Ruralinfrastructureandpublicservicesystemconstitu,improvingruralinfrastructureandpublicservice,thegovernmenthasincreasedinp,theoutdatedruralinfrastructurehasnotwitnessedanymajorimproveme,thisurban-ruralgapcanbeattributed,toaverylargeextent,,inwhich"agricultureispromotedbyindustryandcountrysideissupportedbycity",ChinahasalreadypossessedthebasicconditionsandcapacitiestoshifttheemphasisofthecoyofpublicproductsinChinasruralareashaslongobservedthebasicprincipleof"self-reliancefirstandgovernmentsupportsecond".Thesupplyofruralpublicproductshasbeenmainlyrelyingonthepeasantsthemselves,,medicalcare,socialsecurity,publicinfrastructureandotherpublicservices,,itfatilthe16thPartyCongresswstructionofanewsocialistcountrysideasamajorhistorictaskanddecided,forthefirsttimeinhistory,"threereductions"(reductionofagriculturaltax,reductionoftaxonspecialagriculturalproductsandreductionofchargesforruraleducation)and"threesubsidies"(subsidiesforgrainproduction,seedsimprovementandthepurchaseofagriculturalmachines),aseri,thesupportofpublicfinancetoruraldevelopmentshiftedfromthepastnarrowscopeofagriculturalproducti,ruraleducation,health,culture,roadconstruction,drinkingwaterforhumansandanimals,anduralinfrastructureandsocialundertakingssincethe16thPartyCongress,ruralinfrastructureconstructi,,th,atotalof870,000kilometersofruralroadswereeitherconstructedorreconstructed,with580,,325,000kilometersofruralroadswereconstructedorreconstructed,458townshipsortownsand17,764administrativevillageswereconnectedwithhighways,and1,708townshipsortownsand43,,thetotalmileageofChina,%%oftheadministrativevillageshadbeenconnectedwithhighways,%%of,Chinas,,,,theconstructionofruralwatercontrolfacilities,featuringthewater-savingtransformationprojectsinthelargeirrigatedareas,thewater-savingirrigationdemonstrationprojectsandthewatercontrolexperimentsinthepastoralareas,,,,eachbeing300,000mu,,,,theareaundersprayirrigation,,andtheareaunderrain-collec%ofthetotallengthofvariouschannelsintheirrigationareas,eachbeingmorethan10,edCurrently,97%ofChinastownshipsandtownscanbeconnectedwiththeInternetand92%,thereareover6,"three-in-one"integratedinformationserviceplatformsthatincorporatetheadvantagesoftelephone,(county,townshipandvillage)informat%oftheadministrativevillagesacrossthecountry,,telephoneservicecovered13,740newadministrativevillages,,atotalof6700centralandgrass-rootsservicestationswereestablishedbyrelyingonthepubliclibrariesatvariouslevelsandtheculturalstationsatthetownship,ndthemoderndistanceeducationprojectforruralprimaryandmiddleschoolshaverespectivelybuilt197,000and181,,anationwidesductionandlife,andhaspreliminarilysolvedtheirdifficultiesinreadingbooksandwatchingmovies,andhasenrichedtheirspare-timeculturallife.10-200米ByZhangChenghui,ResearchInstituteofFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo030,hmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemhasbeenstudiedforoveradecade,buttherehasbeennosubsTheargumentshavefocusedonthefollowingissues.(1)Iscatastropheinsuranceapolicy-orientedorcommercialsystemHowdowedefinethegovernmentfunctionsinacatastropheinsurancesystemDoesthegovernmentthatestablishesacatastropheinsurancesystemhavetocontributefundsandifsoinwhatwaytomakecontributionsAretheinsurancecompaniesengagedincatastropheinsuranceandthegeneralpublicpurchasingcatastropheinsuranceentitledtopo,ranceandthatexcessdependenceongovernmentsupportmeansthisinsuranceisequivalenttoadirectfiscaldisasterreliefandthesystemdesignwillbecomemeaningless.(2)HowdothegovernmentdepartmentscoordinatewitheachotherWhichgovernmentdepartmentshouldexerciseleadershipoverestablishingcatastropheinsuran,theinsuranceregulatorydepartment,thecivilaffairsdepartment,theprofessionalmanagementdepartments(suchasthoseinchargeofearthquakeadministration,meteorologicaladministration,oceanicadministrationandtheMinistryofWaterResources),theNationalDisasterReductionCommission,disciplinesanddepartments,itrequiresnotonlyclearguidelinesandreliabledesigns,,itwilllacktherequiredauthorityandabilitytocoordinate;butifanadministrativeinstitutionoftheStateCouncildoesthejob,snationalconditionsManyofthepastresearchesaredevotedtothei,,designedforaspecificcatastropheorfordiversecatastrophesShoulditcoverthewholecountryorbeginwithjustoneprovinceHowtoensurethesystemtobebothscientificandoperableWhichoperationalmodelandriskdiversificationmodeshacatastrophefundorthemodelofacatastrophereinsurancecompanyandshoulditendowthereycountriesindicatethatthecoretasksofaca,andtheiroperationshavematuremodels,includingthenonprofitinstitutionalgovernancestructure,,,manyofthemhavebecomeadministrativeonesandhaveastrongimpulseforself-expansio,,whattypeofinstitutionsshouldexerciseleadershipoverthecatastropheinsurancesystemWhiledirectgovernmentmanagementisapparentlyimproper,for-profitcoanagementinstitutionisestablishedtodothejob,howcanweeffectivelycontainitsimpulseforscaleexpansionandrationallycontrolitsoperatingcostsoastomakethecatastropheinsurdingtoChinasnationalconditionsComparedwithothercountries,Chinahassomeuniquecharacteristics,,Chinaisavastcountry,,Sichuan,Qinghai,Tibetandotherplacesinthewestregiona,rainstorms,mudflowsandothernaturaldisastersthathitt,notonlythegeneralpublichasahighacceptanceofinsuranceproducts,butalsohasagreatercapacitytoadoptadvanceddisasterprevent,asthedevelopedregionshaveahighpopulationdensityandahighassetsvalue,,wecannotsimplyc,wecannotintroduceuniformfeerate,weshoulddesignascientificandrationalcatastropheinsurance,theinsuranceindustryasawholeisunderdeveloiseforcatastropheriskmanagementmakesitimpossibletomobilizethe,thepublicpreparednessfornaturaldisastersisverylow,theinfrastructurefordisasterpreventionandlossreductionisunavailable,andsomemeasuresfo,Chinafindsitdifficulttorelyoncommercial,whichhasauthorityandcoordinatingability,shouldexerciseleadershipovertheestablishmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemandshoulde,,skdiversification,,itisnecessarytoadoptacompulsoryorsemi-compulsorymarketingapproach.。

    京乐官网备用,heEssenceoftheProblemstoBeAddressedduringtheEleventhFive-YearPlanPeriodThefirsttwoyearsintheEleventhFive-Year%in2006andbyabout3%,thereisastillmuchworktobedonebeforerealizingthegoaloftheEleventsthereasonbehindsuchahugehabitualincreaseinenergyconsumptionperunitGDPWhatnewcircumstancesandproblemsarethererelatedto,,%%peryearinEleventhFive-YearPlanperiodseemsjustslightlyhigherthantheannuallyaveragedecreaseinthepastthreeFive-YearPlanperiods,butactuallyweareconfrontedwithmuchbiggerdifficultiesatpresent,andthenewcir,structuralelementsincludenotonlyindustrialstructures,butalsothe,60%to70%,thingschangedsince2002:structuralelementsturnedtobethedrivingforceforincreasingenergyconsumptionperunitofGDP,ratherthanforenergysaving,,thepositivecontributionoftechnologicalprogresshasbeengreatlyoffsetbythenegativeinfluencefromstructuralelements,,itisimperativetobuildupanewinnermechanismofenergysaving,,incorporatingbothstructuralandtechnicalelements,andincludingbothproductionlinks(energy-intensiveindustriesinparticular),therearesystematicdefectsinenergy-savingadministration,policies,,distinctdefectsexistinthescope,approachanddegreeofgovernmentsinterventioninenergysaving,particularlyrepresentedbyinsufficiencyofpolicyincentives,suchasinadequateincentivemeasuresforenergysavingrelatedtotaxationandpricing,absenceorinapplicabilityoflaws,rulesandstandardsinnewcircumstances,disorderinenergyadministrationsystemlikeenergy-savingmechanism,notableweakeninginenergyadministrationcapabilities,andtheimma,thestructuralelementscausedcontinuousdropofener,theharmbecomesmoreandmorevisibl,tstagefeaturingtheaccelerateddevelopmentofheavyandchemicalindustry,,thepresenteconomicgrowthrategreatlyexceedstheexpectedrateonwhichenergy-savinggoalwasset,,theaveragerateofeco%,andbasedonthatrate,theamountofenergytobesaved(absolutevalue)%.%%,theenergy-savinggoalswillberespectively670millionand700milliontonsofstandardcoalequivalent(mtsce).Therefore,asthepresentgrowthrateismuchhigherthanexpected,enthFive-stmentandtransformationofeconomicgrowthmode,andcurrentenergy-intensiveindustriesshouldbereplacedby,highgrowthrateandlowenergyconsumptioncanhardlybeachievedsimultaneouslya,neithercannewindustriesdrivingeconomicgrowthemergeinashorttime,norcangrowthmodebetransformedovernight,btainedatthesametime,itisnecessarytomakeclearthattoenhances,eenergysavingworkwasconfrontedwithproblemsof"threemoreandthreeless",namely,thecentralgovernmentpaidmoreattentiontothisissuewhereaslocalgovernmentpaidlessattention;moreattentionwasgivenduringenergyshortageorcrisisperiodswhereaslessattentionwasgivenwhenenergywascomparativelysufficient;moreattentionwaspaidinareaswithhighenergyrestric,theenergysavingworkisalsofacedwithproblemsof"threemoreandthreeless",referringtomoremobilizationmeasuresmadebythegovernmentwhereaslessactionstakenbyenterprisesandconsumers;morerequirementsmadewhereaslessconcretemeasures;moreadm,we,legalandadministrativemeasuresaredifferentbynature,ctstheyworkon(Table1):Table1EffectivenessofDifferentMeasuresonDifferentSubjectsByMaMingjie,ResearchOfficeDirectorofDepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearch,sRailwayEquipmentManufacturingIndustrySincethereformandopeningup,theinnovationonChinas(from1980sto1990s):themanufacturingcapacityofenterpriseswasenhancedthroughtechnologyintroductionThemanufacturingcapacityismeanttotransformtechnologicalachievementsintomassproductionsuitedtodesignrequirements,includingtheprogressivenessoftheequipment,thetechnicallevel,theadaptabilityandtheworkmanshipofworkers,thetechnologicaldesignandmanagementability,alcompetenceofente,alarge-scaletechnologyintroductionwascarriedoutforChina,duetoChinasthenpoortechnologicalandindustrialconditions(evenboltsofthesamequalityasthoseofothercountriescouldnotbepurchased)anditslowermanagementability,,theimportoftechnologiesdur(from1990stothebeginningofthe21stcentury):thecapabilityofenterprisestoabsorbandintegratetechnologieswassteppedupDuringthisperiod,byintensifyingRD,theChineseenterprisessu,,theabi,theabilitytodesignthesystems,namely,theabilitytoproperlyhandl,rengthsarethebasisforthesuccessintechnologyintroduction,digestion,absorptionandre-innovationandthattherailspeedaccelerationconductedfo/horlowerwasachieved,therelativelycompleteequipmentmanufacturingsystemwasformed,whichlaidafoundationforfuturetechnologydigestion,absorptionandre-innovation("MadeinChina:TheOnlyWaytoModernizationofChinasRailwayTechnologyandEquipment",IntegrativeTransportation,August,2007).Despitetheconsiderableameliorationoftheabsorptioncapacityoftheenterprisesduringthisperiod,theirtechnicallevelremain,since1980s,,SouthKoreaandCanadaforthemakingofpassengertrains,buthadnotgainedthekeytechnologyforthemakingofCRHElectricMultipleUnitof200km/ofthesafetyanddependabilityofbogie,convertingandtractiontechniquesandbrakingsystem,(from2003tillnow):digestion,absorptionandre-innovationcharacterizedbyintegrationinnovationThisperiodwasma,theimportedtechnologiesweretransformedtoadapttoChina,thedesigningoftheElectricMultipleUnitwascarriedoutjointlywiththeforeignpartnersattheverybeginningofthetechnologyintroductiontosuittheproductbettertoChina,(hereinafterreferredtoas“ChangchunRV”),,there-innovationwasreflectedbythetechnologicalupgradingofacceleratingthespeedfrom200km/hto300~350km/,transnationalcorporationspossessingthehigh-speedtechnologyof300km/handabovehadbeenAlsthomTransport,Siemens,,unliketheforeign-dominateddesignwhentechnologieswereimported,there-innovationfeaturingtechnologicalupgradingwasmainlydesignedbyChineseenterprises,~350km/handaboveand16electricmultipleunits,markingthemomentwhenChineseenterpriseshavegainedtheabilitytoindependentlydesignandmanufacturehigh-speedtrainsof300~350km/,namely,theself-sustainingstandardsystemforhigh-speedtrainssuitedtoChina,digestionandabsorptionof9keytechnologiesastheleadingfactor,theindustrialchainofRD,designinga,onwhichacompletesetofChinasowntestingandacceptingsystemcanbesetup,includingthetrans,,atpresenttheChineseenterpriseshavemasteredtheinternationaladvasRailwayEquipmentManufacturingIndustryByZhangChenghui,ResearchInstituteofFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo030,hmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemhasbeenstudiedforoveradecade,buttherehasbeennosubsTheargumentshavefocusedonthefollowingissues.(1)Iscatastropheinsuranceapolicy-orientedorcommercialsystemHowdowedefinethegovernmentfunctionsinacatastropheinsurancesystemDoesthegovernmentthatestablishesacatastropheinsurancesystemhavetocontributefundsandifsoinwhatwaytomakecontributionsAretheinsurancecompaniesengagedincatastropheinsuranceandthegeneralpublicpurchasingcatastropheinsuranceentitledtopo,ranceandthatexcessdependenceongovernmentsupportmeansthisinsuranceisequivalenttoadirectfiscaldisasterreliefandthesystemdesignwillbecomemeaningless.(2)HowdothegovernmentdepartmentscoordinatewitheachotherWhichgovernmentdepartmentshouldexerciseleadershipoverestablishingcatastropheinsuran,theinsuranceregulatorydepartment,thecivilaffairsdepartment,theprofessionalmanagementdepartments(suchasthoseinchargeofearthquakeadministration,meteorologicaladministration,oceanicadministrationandtheMinistryofWaterResources),theNationalDisasterReductionCommission,disciplinesanddepartments,itrequiresnotonlyclearguidelinesandreliabledesigns,,itwilllacktherequiredauthorityandabilitytocoordinate;butifanadministrativeinstitutionoftheStateCouncildoesthejob,snationalconditionsManyofthepastresearchesaredevotedtothei,,designedforaspecificcatastropheorfordiversecatastrophesShoulditcoverthewholecountryorbeginwithjustoneprovinceHowtoensurethesystemtobebothscientificandoperableWhichoperationalmodelandriskdiversificationmodeshacatastrophefundorthemodelofacatastrophereinsurancecompanyandshoulditendowthereycountriesindicatethatthecoretasksofaca,andtheiroperationshavematuremodels,includingthenonprofitinstitutionalgovernancestructure,,,manyofthemhavebecomeadministrativeonesandhaveastrongimpulseforself-expansio,,whattypeofinstitutionsshouldexerciseleadershipoverthecatastropheinsurancesystemWhiledirectgovernmentmanagementisapparentlyimproper,for-profitcoanagementinstitutionisestablishedtodothejob,howcanweeffectivelycontainitsimpulseforscaleexpansionandrationallycontrolitsoperatingcostsoastomakethecatastropheinsurdingtoChinasnationalconditionsComparedwithothercountries,Chinahassomeuniquecharacteristics,,Chinaisavastcountry,,Sichuan,Qinghai,Tibetandotherplacesinthewestregiona,rainstorms,mudflowsandothernaturaldisastersthathitt,notonlythegeneralpublichasahighacceptanceofinsuranceproducts,butalsohasagreatercapacitytoadoptadvanceddisasterprevent,asthedevelopedregionshaveahighpopulationdensityandahighassetsvalue,,wecannotsimplyc,wecannotintroduceuniformfeerate,weshoulddesignascientificandrationalcatastropheinsurance,theinsuranceindustryasawholeisunderdeveloiseforcatastropheriskmanagementmakesitimpossibletomobilizethe,thepublicpreparednessfornaturaldisastersisverylow,theinfrastructurefordisasterpreventionandlossreductionisunavailable,andsomemeasuresfo,Chinafindsitdifficulttorelyoncommercial,whichhasauthorityandcoordinatingability,shouldexerciseleadershipovertheestablishmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemandshoulde,,skdiversification,,itisnecessarytoadoptacompulsoryorsemi-compulsorymarketingapproach.澳门百利宫足球在线客户端官网重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,YuBinZhangLiqunIn2008,theinternationalfinancialcrisistriggeredoffaworldeconomicrecession,andChina,theCentralCommitteeoftheChineseCommunistPartyandChinasStateCouncilwereresoluteinmakingdcoverheatingandinfla,themacro-regultelyad,toincreaseinfrastructureinvestmentandfuelanex,tolayemphasisonoptimizingthestructureofthefinancialexpenditureandtoincreaseinvestmentinpublicservicesandbuildupapermanentlyeffectivemechanismforguaranteeingandimprovingpeopleslivelihoodwhenthescopeoffinancialsecurityis,toapplyvarioustaxpoliciestoeasetheburdenonenterprisesandresidents,toencourageenterprisestoconducttechno,todeepenthereformofthefinancialsystemandimprovethesystemmatchingthefinancialcapacticslumpofChinasforeignexportandeconomicgrowthresultingfromtheglobalfinancialcrisis,inNovember2008,theStateCouncilheldameetingtargetingtheplanonwideniflow-renthomes,quickeningthetransformationoftheshantytowns,carryingoutprojectsforthesettlingdownofthenomadsandincrinkingwaterprojectsaswellashighwayconstructioninruralareas,improvingthepowergridsinruralareas,precipitatingtheconstructionofsuchkeywaterconservancyprojectsastransportingthewaterfromsouthernareastonorthernareas,precipitatingtheeliminationofdangersatreservoirsandconductingreinforcementofthereservoirsinperil,reinforcingthewater-savingtransformationinlargeirrigationdiailways,rtransportationlines,coaltransportationpassagewaysandwesternarterialrailwaylines,andeffortsshouldbeintensifiedinimprovingexpresswaynetworks,inarrangingtheconstructionofarterialandfeederairportsinChinascentralandwes,esystemsatthegrassrootslevel,tospeeduptherenovationofteachingbuildingsinjuniormiddleschoolsinruralareasofcentralandwesternChinaandtoadvancetheconstructionofspecial-edetreatmentfacilitiesincitiesandtownsandemphasisshouldbelaprotectingkeyshelter-forestsandwildwoodsandtogivebackingfo-,aninvestmentofabout4trillionyuanwillbeneededfortheconstructionoftheabove-mentionedprojectsbytheendof2010,,itwasdecidedattheconferencethatduringthefourthquarterof2008aninvestmentof100billionyuanwouldbeincreasedbythecentralgovernment,andanamountof20billionyuanwouldbearrangedaheadofscheduleforthereconstructionoftheearthquake-hitareasin2009,whichis,theincreaseoffinancialinvestmentbythegovernmentisfocusedontheconstructionoftheurbanhousingprojectsforlow-incomefamiliesandontheconstructionoftheinfrastructurefacilitiesrelatedtoagriculture,education,publichealthandtheecologicalenvironment;ontheconstructionofthekeyinfrastructurefacilitiessuchasrailways,highwaysandairports;,280billionyuanwillbespentontheconstructionofthehousingprojectsforlow-incomefamilies;about370billionyuanwillbeusedintheconstructionofthelivelihoodprojectsandinfrastructurefacilitiesinruralareas;,highways,airportsandurbanandruralpowergrids;40billionyuanwillbeinvestedinhealth,culturalandeducationalundertakings;350billionyuanwillbespentontheprotectionoftheecologicalenvironment;160billionyuanwillbeearmarkedfortheindependentinnovationandthestructuraladjustment,and1trillionyuanwillbefortherecoverojectsandtheagriculturalinfrastructurefacilitiesandwillbeusedasinvestmentinhealth,culturalandeducationalundertakingsandinprotectionoftheecologicalenvironment,,tosaynothingof"highpollution,highenergyconsumptionandresource-related"investmentprojects,willnn,the4trillionyuanofinvestmentwillinthemainstepuponepercentagepointofeconomicgrowtheachyearduring2009-2010....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Source:imWhatmeritsattentionisthattherapidhousingpricerisehasbegunto,inMarch,salespricesofthenewlybuilthomesin23second-andthird-tiercitiesincreasedbymorethan10%,fromJanuarytoMarch,,%,,,,%,pri%,yearonyear,,andthesalespr%,,theaveragecompositesalespriceofcommercialhousingcameto5193yuan,%veresultedinunreasonablehomeleasingandsalespriceratiosandhousingprice-to-incomeratiosinsomecities,erealestatebubbletomakeagrowingnumberofaverageresidentsunabletoaffordthehomesandtoarousepanicamongthepublic,leahangesontherealestatemarketandthehousingpri,,thelandreservestobedevelop%overthepreviousyear,,thehandsomeinvestmentearningsgainedbyrealestateenterprisesoverrecen,whichkeepsthebidding,,thelandpricerisehasfurtheredtherapidhousingpriceriseinneighboringareasandhasconstantlydrivenupthehousingpricelevelonthewholemarket,thusbecomingalead-uptothisroundofhousingpricerise.ostandardizethepurchaseofdrugsbymedicalinstitutionswasfir,thousandsofpharmaceuticalmanufacturersandsellershadtopayunder-tab,drugprovidersneededtonegotiateonebyonewithm,allprovincesandcitiesundersurveypromulgsarenotstrictlyobservedinpracticeandtheyneedtopayunder-tablemoneywhensellingdrugstomedicalinstitutions,medicalinstitutionsholdthatafterthegovernmentagenciesorganizeCentralizedPurchaseofDrugs,,thecateg,representativesfromhospitalsbelievethattheCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsreducesthepublicdenouncementrelatedtohighdrugpricestowardmedicalinstitutionsanddoctorsbecausehospitalsarenowpurchasingdrugsatthepricesthatwinthebid(orthepricesthatarepublishedviainternet).2TheuseofinformationsysteminthepharmaceuticalindustryhasbeenfacilitatedInChinathepharmaceuticalindustryiscomposedofdrugmanufacturers,drugsellers,medicalinstitutions,,insomelocalitiesrelatedgovernmentaldepartmentsar,informationsystemhasbeenrapidlyestablishedandenforcedinmedicalinstitutions,dhelpcontain,monitorandpunishthosefly-by-nightcompaniesThispositivee,theCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsPolicycancontributeintheseaspects:(1)Thechannelsfordrugcirculationhavebeenclearly-definedTheprovincesundersurveyhavemostlypublishedprovisionsaboutthechann,alldrugsthatwinthebidshouldgothroughthe"twoinvoicesregulation"practice,butorsandanotherinvoiceisissuedwhendrugdistributorsselldrugstomedicalinstitutions.(2)TheCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsPolicyhelptocontain"drugbrokers"andthosefly-by-nightcompanies"Drugbrokers"usuallybuydrugsfrommanufacturersatbottomp,,theprofitabilityof"drugbrokers",fly-by-nightcompanieshaveonecommonfeadrugtransactionbyinspectingauthorities.(3)ThePolicyincreasestheconcentrationofmarketinsomelocalitiesForexample,therewere500to600drugdispensingcompan,thetoptendispensingcompaniesoccupyabout80%,thestate-holdingcompaniesdistributed10%ofalldrugsandthegrossprofitratewas9-10%.In2007,state-holdingcompaniesdistributed20%ofdrugsandthegrossprofitratewasbroughtdownto5-6%.Especiallythelow-profit,low-va,theconcentrationofmarketisnotexplicit.ChenDaofu,,2008I.ThreeFactorsDrivetheSurgeofStockMarketandRealEstateMarketinChinaInrecenttwoyears,thepricesuinassetsCurrently,itiscommonlyrecogni,excessliquidityisoneofthenecessary,fundsupportdoesnotnecessarilydriveupasset,yetduetovariousreasons,thest,slightgrowthtookonin2002buthugepriceincreasedidn,weshouldunderstandthat,ratherthancompletelydetachedfromeachother,icted,,,onlyasmallpartofcreditisdirectlycreatedbypriceriseinstockmarketasleveragemeasureshaventbeenintroducedintoChinesestockmarket,eventherearesomecredittransactionswhichviolateregulation,thepriceriseinrealestatemarketwillacceleratecreditexpansionofbankandcreatemoreliquidity,asmortgageis,,pricesurgeinassetsandliquiditycreationconstituteaninteractiveprocess,,,bankcreditisexpandedmainlyonthebasisofassetsinsociety(securedloan).Inrecentyears,theexpansionofnon-credita,ions,theliquidityinsocietywillbegreatlyincreasedthrougheitherraisin,particularlythepricesurgeinstockmarket,ismainlytheresultofadjustmenttocitizensfinancialassetsdistribution,orrathertheresultofstructuraladjustmenttofundsstockOverthelongrun,,,awaredeposit,stockmarketinChinachieflyreflectsthere-distributionofresidentsastandistheresultofst,inspiteofbolsteringthepriceriseinrealestateandstocks,ity,becausethepri,wecannotthereforecometotheone-to-sinsociety,causinghugefluc,assetspricewillfallandexertinfluenceontherealeconomy.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByYuBin,DepartmentofMacroeconomicResearchofDevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo013,2010Infaceoftheseriousimpactsfromtheinternationalfinancialcrisis,theCPCCentralCommitteeand,theChin%inthefourthquarter,%.In2010,bothinternalandemicWorkingConference,theChineseeconomyisexpectedtomaintainasteadyandf,realestatemarketadjustment,systemconstrainttocontinuousconsumptionexpansion,increasedtradefrictionandgrowingRMBappreciatlicitlynotedthatChinawouldmaintainthecontinuityandstabilityofitsmacroeconomicpolicyin2010andcontinuelopment,preventingeconomicgrowthfroma“doubledip”,andensuringthefundingrequireme,infaceofanexcessivelyfastriseofassetspricesandagrowinginflationexpectation,howtoeffectivelyguardagainstanassetsbubbleandkeeppricehikewithinthes,continuousbumperharvestofsummerandautumncrops,sufficientsupplyofindustrialandfarmproductsandoversupplyatcurrentprices,,tethatwhenevermoneysupplygrowthentersastageofexpansion,seriousinflationwouldfollowandthatthelongertheexpansioncontinued,~1987and1991~1995periods,forexample,theM1andM2growthsallexceeded25%.Shortlyafterwards,hyperinflation,ashighas17%,appearedduringthe1988~1989and1994~,%,theM2growthsurpassed25%%%asfromJulyandreachedover30%%,theCPIreachedthebottominJuly2,theinductionfro,firstofall,pushupthepricesofland,,assetspri,,thejointpushofrisingcostandmajorcomparativeincomeadjustmentwilldriveupthepricesoffarmandsidelineproductsthatareinadelicatesupply-demandbalance,policyandamassliquidityinjectionhavebeenmaintoolstocopewith,,apricehikeofbulkcommoditiesontheinternationalmarket,,thepricesofcrudeoil,copper,,thegradualrecoveryofworldmajoreconomiesandthehigherdema,,,whilethefundingrequirementshouldbeguaranteedforinvestmentprojectsalreadylaunched,astrictcontrolshouldbeimposedonnewprojectsandthefundscheduleandconstructionscal,asthecreditscaleisclearlysmallerthaninthepreviousyear,fundsshouldbeactivelydirectedtotherealeconomyandinparticulartothesmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,moresubsidiesshouldbeofferedtoincreasetheincomeofurbanlow-incomeg,Chinafixedassetinvestment,theproportionofhousingsalestototalsocialcommodityretailandtheproportionofrealestateaddedvaluetoGDP,orintermsoftheimpactoftherealestateindustryondirectlyandindirectlyrelatedindustries,therealesta,%%leinsuppo,thesteadyandfairlyfastdevelopmentofthenationaleconomywilldepend,toaverylargeextent,demandhavebeenstrong,therealestatemarkethasclimbedupfurtherwithoutsubstantialadjustment,,theaveragepriceofresidentialbuildingsnationwidewascloseto4,700yuanpersquaremeter,whichwas25%,theaverag%,thepricehikeofnewbuildingswasthehighestinfivecities:%inGuangzhou,%inJinhua,%inShenzhen,%%,thesupply-utburstoftherealestateandstockmarketbubblesinsomeAsiancountriesandthecurrentfinancialcrisisbytheoutburstofthebubblesoftherealestateandthefinasrealestatebubbleisformed,itsharmswillbeequallyinestimable.、澳门百利宫足球在线客户端官网用户至上博金冠线上Regardingthefeedstocksandtechniquesofbio-dieselproduction,severaluniversitiesandinstitutes,includingtheUniversityofScienceandTechnologyofChina,theResearchInstituteofPetroleumProcessing,BeijingUniversityofChemicalTechnology,NorthwestAgricultureForestryUniversity,EastChinaUniversityofScienceandTechnology,NortheastForestryUniversity,ChineseAcademyofSciences,SichuanUniveristyandHunanForestryResearchInstitutehavecarriedoutstudiesandexperimentsonthepropertiesofJatrophaCurcas,CornusWilsonianaWanaer,andEuphorbiatirucalli,,theForestryRDCenterofChineseAcademyofForestryhascarriedoutanationwidesurveyonplantsforfueloil,the,MOSTlaunchedthebio-dieselprojectasake,2005,theTenthNationalPeoplesCongressapprovedtheLawofRenewableEnergyResourcesofChina,,NDRClisted"keytechnologiesinbio-dieselproductionandprocesscontrol",2006,theMinistryofFinance,NDRC,theMinistryofAgriculture,theNationalBureauofTaxesandtheStateForestryAdministrationissuedthedocumentcalled"ImplementationOpinionsaboutExtendingFinancialandTaxationSupporttoDevelopBio-energyandBio-chemistry",,policiesandmethodshav,andwe,wecouldalreadyseesomepositivefactorsinthisindustry,suchasmarket-orientation,multi-investment,andincreaseinfarmers,currentlytherearesomeurgentproblemstobesolved,includingthesupplyofrawmaterial,qualitystandards,,productioncapacityofbio-dieselinChinaisover3milliontons,butduetoshortsupplyofrawmaterials,omeateryoffalandacidoil,trievedfromeateryoffal,andinsomeareas,suchoilispurchasedinarushorstockedup,,noefficientorganizationalsystemhasbeenestablished,,thoughanumberofPistaciachinensistreesareplantedinsomeregions,theyarescatteredaroundan,whatshouldbenoticedisthatsomedevelopedcountriesaremakinguseofthel,bio-diesel,industrialtechnologiesusedinChinamainlyadoptwastegreaseandwildplantseedsasfeedstocks,withnormalandchangedacidandalkali,,advancednewtechnologywit,butequipmentsareobsolete,mhaventbeenestablished,andthetechnologicalservicesystemtosupporttheindustryhasnotbeenformed.ByDengYusong,InstituteofMarketEconomy,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo023,er2008,tocopewiththeinternationalfinancialcrisisandthedrasticdeclineofsalesonchinasdomesticrealestatemarket,theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilunveiledtheOpinionsonPromotingtheSoundDevelopmentoftheRealEstateMarketandcarriedoutfastimesincetheimplementationofthepolicies,,,%,,thesalestoconstructionratioofcommercialhousing1c,thesalestoconstructionratioremainedaround62%inChina,the,withtherapidincreaseofthesalesvolume,during2005-2007,thesalestoconstructionratiowentupto80%orsoandthepricerisebecamedrastic,,asreductionofsalesofcommercialhousingwidenedmonthbymonthandtheareaunderconstructioncontinuedtoincreaserapidly,,%,andthenationw,withtherapidincreaseofthesalesvolumeofcommercialhousing,,%,beingslightlyhigherthanthepeakvalueduring2005-2007,suggestingtheappearanceofaerapidincreaseofthesalesofcommercialhousing,thehousingsalespricesin70largeandmedium-sizedcitiesacrossthecountrywitnessedapositivegrowthsinceMarch2009ascomparedtopreviousperiods,%inDecember,beingthehighestsince2008;inJune,thehousingpricesturnedfromnegativetopositivefromayearearlier,%inDecember,yearonyear,,in2009,theaveragehousingpriceamountedto4,500yuan/M2,upby900yuan/M2ascomparedtothatof2008,,citieswhereriseofpricesofnewly-builthomeshasexceededthenationalaveragemainlyincludesuchfirst-tiercitiesasShenzhen,Hangzhou,,thehousingprice-to-incomeratio,theprice-to-rentratioandthehousingaffordabilityinsomecitieslikeBeiji,atpresentthehousingprice-to-incomeratioinBeijingisbeingover50%higherthantheratiorecordedduring1998-2006,,seofhousingpricesandtherapidincreaseofthesalesvolumehavegivenrisetothecontinuousincreaseof,,%,,%,yearonyear;theaccumulativerateofincreaseofthehousingareaunderconstructionth,%fromayearago.ByYuBin,DepartmentofMacroeconomicResearchofDevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo013,2010Infaceoftheseriousimpactsfromtheinternationalfinancialcrisis,theCPCCentralCommitteeand,theChin%inthefourthquarter,%.In2010,bothinternalandemicWorkingConference,theChineseeconomyisexpectedtomaintainasteadyandf,realestatemarketadjustment,systemconstrainttocontinuousconsumptionexpansion,increasedtradefrictionandgrowingRMBappreciatlicitlynotedthatChinawouldmaintainthecontinuityandstabilityofitsmacroeconomicpolicyin2010andcontinuelopment,preventingeconomicgrowthfroma“doubledip”,andensuringthefundingrequireme,infaceofanexcessivelyfastriseofassetspricesandagrowinginflationexpectation,howtoeffectivelyguardagainstanassetsbubbleandkeeppricehikewithinthes,continuousbumperharvestofsummerandautumncrops,sufficientsupplyofindustrialandfarmproductsandoversupplyatcurrentprices,,tethatwhenevermoneysupplygrowthentersastageofexpansion,seriousinflationwouldfollowandthatthelongertheexpansioncontinued,~1987and1991~1995periods,forexample,theM1andM2growthsallexceeded25%.Shortlyafterwards,hyperinflation,ashighas17%,appearedduringthe1988~1989and1994~,%,theM2growthsurpassed25%%%asfromJulyandreachedover30%%,theCPIreachedthebottominJuly2,theinductionfro,firstofall,pushupthepricesofland,,assetspri,,thejointpushofrisingcostandmajorcomparativeincomeadjustmentwilldriveupthepricesoffarmandsidelineproductsthatareinadelicatesupply-demandbalance,policyandamassliquidityinjectionhavebeenmaintoolstocopewith,,apricehikeofbulkcommoditiesontheinternationalmarket,,thepricesofcrudeoil,copper,,thegradualrecoveryofworldmajoreconomiesandthehigherdema,,,whilethefundingrequirementshouldbeguaranteedforinvestmentprojectsalreadylaunched,astrictcontrolshouldbeimposedonnewprojectsandthefundscheduleandconstructionscal,asthecreditscaleisclearlysmallerthaninthepreviousyear,fundsshouldbeactivelydirectedtotherealeconomyandinparticulartothesmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,moresubsidiesshouldbeofferedtoincreasetheincomeofurbanlow-incomeg,Chinafixedassetinvestment,theproportionofhousingsalestototalsocialcommodityretailandtheproportionofrealestateaddedvaluetoGDP,orintermsoftheimpactoftherealestateindustryondirectlyandindirectlyrelatedindustries,therealesta,%%leinsuppo,thesteadyandfairlyfastdevelopmentofthenationaleconomywilldepend,toaverylargeextent,demandhavebeenstrong,therealestatemarkethasclimbedupfurtherwithoutsubstantialadjustment,,theaveragepriceofresidentialbuildingsnationwidewascloseto4,700yuanpersquaremeter,whichwas25%,theaverag%,thepricehikeofnewbuildingswasthehighestinfivecities:%inGuangzhou,%inJinhua,%inShenzhen,%%,thesupply-utburstoftherealestateandstockmarketbubblesinsomeAsiancountriesandthecurrentfinancialcrisisbytheoutburstofthebubblesoftherealestateandthefinasrealestatebubbleisformed,itsharmswillbeequallyinestimable.、DVORByChenXiaohongWangJicheng,ResearchTeamon"StudyonApproachestoandPoliciesforPromotingCorporateMergersandAcquisitionsinEconomicAdjustmentPeriod",theDRCResearchReportNo065,rsandModelsAffectingOverseasInvestmentMadebyChineseEnterprisesSince21stcentury,overseasinvestment,mergeran,from2002to2008,overseasinvestmentstockofChineseenterprisesincreasedby6timesandtheinvestmentflowswentupby20times,withtheinvestmentstockandflowsreaching1,;mergerandacquisitionmadebyChineseenterprisesabroadhavealsodevelopedfast,withtheamountofinvestment,mergerandacquisitionaddingupto54%,somehaveraisedthefollowingquestions:WhatisthemechanismforChineseenterprisestorapidlyincreasetheiroverseasinvestmentwhiletheirtechnologiesandbusinesscapacityarerelativelypoorIstheoverseasinvestmentgrowingtoofastWhatfactorsareexpeditingtheinvestmentgrowthTheauthorsareoftheopinionthatDunningsEclecticorOLItheoryandPorterstheoryonvaluechainasOLItheory,threeprimaryfactorsareaffectingordecidingontransnationalinvestmentbyenterprises:Ownershipofresourceskills(O,businessresourceadvantagessuchastechnologyandthebasisforoverseasinvestmentownedbymultinationalenterprises),Location(L,whichcanbypassthetradebarriersandisaccessibletomarketandtointerestsoflow-costbases),andInternalizedadvantages(I,costssavedbyturningtransnationaltradeintointra-companytransactionsthroughtransnationalinvestment),thistheoreticalframeworkcanbeusedtoanalyzethefactorsaffectingtransnationalinvestmentandcanalsobeusoncanbe1+1>,biningdifferentobjectivesandfactorsandthattransnationalinvestm,Dunningpointedoutthattherecanbedifferentmodels(Column1).InColumn1,Models②and⑥arevirtuallyusedtomakeoverseasinvestmentbymakinguseofthecomparativeadvantages(0)ofenterprisesintermsoftechnologyandservice;Model③issimilartotheaforesaidtwomodels,thatis,investorsmusthavecomparativeadvantages(0),butshouldalsopaycloseattentiontoapplyingeconomiesofscalebroughtaboutbyinvestment,mergerandacquisitiontoincreasesuchcomparativeadvantages(0);Model④isactuallyusedbyenterprisestoacquiresuchstrateg(L)andtogainefficiencyanddevelopmentthroughinternalintegration;Model①isvirtuallyusedtogaindirectaccessthroughinvestment,mergerandacquisitiontotheneedednaturalresources(L)exclusivelypossessedbyothercountriessoastostepupthoseadvantages(0).ByWangZhonghong,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo118,sdigitaltelevisionindustryAttheendof2008,Chinasdigitaltelevisionuserstotaledmorethan60million,accountingforabout15%ofthecountrysgoaltobasicallystopbroadcastinganaloguetelevisionby2015,thedigitaltelevisionindustrystillhastocoverabout85%,universalserialbuses,vehicleterminalsandspecialserviceequipmentwi,dataservices,s395milliontelevisionuserspays10yuanforvalue-addedservicesorpaycontents,measuretorejuvenateinformationtechnologyindustryandboosteconomicgrowthDigitaltelevisioninvolvesintegratedcircuits,consumerelectronics,ITequipment,broadcastingequipment,technicalservices,multimediacontents,astelevisionintothedigitalagebutalsopushforwardthedevelopmentofthewho,t%over2007,%growth,thesalesoftheele,%anselectronicinformationindustrynowfacesagravesituationduetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,thedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustryundoubtedlycanplayimportantrolesinspurringthedomesticdemand,rejuvpeoplesbenefitsandstatesecurityandstabilityTelevisionisamassmediathathasthemostfrequentandclosestcontactswiththepeople,%contentsandservicesandenhancethelevelofthepeople,,itisthemostr,thegovernmentsinallcountriesexercisedirectadministrationovertheterrestrialdigitaltelevisionstandardsandtheirenforcement,tructurewillassumegrowingstrategicimportanceinChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopment,inimprovingthepeoplesionindustryintheneartermCurrently,Chinahassolidtechnical,organizationalandindustrialbasesfordevelopingdigitaltelevisionandisstrivingforarapiddevelopment.(1),whichbegantoenforcein2007thecompletelyproprietarydigitalterrestrialtelevisionstandard(DTMB).Sofar,thestandardhasbeenadoptedby10provinces,27citie,thestandardhasbeenproventobemoreadvancedthantheEuropeanandJapanesestandardsinthestandardcomparisonsandtestsinCuba,Venezuela,(CMMB)targetedon,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilmhasalsoindependentlydevelopedthedirect-to-homesatellitetransmissiontechnologyABS-Stargetedontheremotemountainousareasandthevastruralareas,andhassucces,ChinaalsohasadvancedtechnologiesthathavewoninternationalrecognitionandwhoseproductsarebeingsoldtocountriesinEuropeandAmerica.(2),ChinantegratedCircuit,ShanghaiHighDefinition,BeijingLingxun,andBeijingTaiheZhiheng,thetelevisionsetmanufacturingenterprisessuchasChanghong,HaierandTCL,thebroadcastequipmentmanufacturingenterprisessuchasBeiguangTechnologiesandTongfangJiezhao,theset-topboxmanufacturingenterprises,themajortelevisionstations,,namelyTCL,Skyworth,Kongka,Changhong,HisenseandHaier,nowaccountforabout20%,Chinasuccessfullyconducteddigitaltelevisiontrialbroadcasting,layingafinefoundationformasscommercialapplication.(3),Chinasetupaleadinggroupfordigitaltelevisionresearch,,comprisingtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilm,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationandmanyothergovernmentdepartments,hasplayedkeyrolesinsetting,popularizingandindustrializingChina,atotalof150RDinstitutionsandenterprises,includingTsinghuaUniversityandHaierGroup,,chips,terminalproducts,programs,launchingandreceivingdisplayservicesandmanykeyproprietarytechnologies,theunionhasbecomeanintermediaryorganizationinthetechnologicalinnovation,standardpopularizationandindustrialdevelopmentofChina(1)andinvolvesdiversegovernmentfunctionssuchasequipmentregulation,contentregulation,operationregulationanduserguidanceanddiversegovernmentdepartmentssuchastheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,,,nos,regulations,organizationalstandardsandindustrialpoliciestoeffectivelyboostthedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustry.(2)TheProcessofformulating,ascapacityforindependentinnovationindigitaltelevisionsoastofreeChinafromthemonopolyofforeigntechnologies,bringChinastechnologicalstandardstothesupportingstandardshavebeenrelativelyslow,,forexample,theChinesestandardshavebeenproven,nearlyhalfofthesupportingstandardsfordigitaltelevisionhavenotbeenformulatedandaccordinglytheproducershavenoalternativebuttowaitforthepromulgationofthesestandards,eventhoughtheyalreadyhaveproductioncapacities.(3)on,itisstillweakintheproductionofstudioequipment,high-definitionprogramproduction,metersandinstruments,,itsproductiontechnologyforliquidcrystalflatabledigitaltelevisioncontents,theindustryisstillnotedforinsufficientcompetition,regionalisolation,smallindustrialscale,lowscaleeconomy,insufficientimpetustooperatorsinimprovingservices,weakprofitability,,mutualnetworkingisstillimpossiblebetweendifferentprovi,500cablenetworkcompaniesnationwide,ByDaiJianjun,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo123,2010Thecementindustryisabasicindustryconsumi,theworldadvancedcementmanufacturingcountrieshascementoutputhasrankedfirstintheworld,yetthereisstilladifferencebetweenChinademissionreductionforthecementindustryandtoboosttheupgradingoftheindustryisofvita:ToRealizeEnergyConservationandEnvironmentalProtectionthroughTechnicalInnovationByconsolidatingthetechnicalresearchanddevelopmentofthecirculareconomyofthecementindustry,developedcountriesareconstantlystridingforwardtowardsenergyconservationandenvironmentalprot.EnergyresourcesconservatonbyusingindustrialwastesandtrashtoproducecementThecementindustrycanusethemajorityoftoxicandharmfulwastesasblendedmaterialincement1,assubstitutecementrawmaterialorasthealternativefuelsforthecementkilnwithoutcausingsecondarypollution,withoutusingspecialequi,~2007,theaverageamountofthematerialblendedintocementwentupfrom7%%inJapan,11%%inGermanyand4%to6%esoftheblendedmaterialhasenabledthematerialtoreplacecementclinke,,theproportionofheatprovidedbyalternativefuelsofthecementindustryinaggregateheatconsumedbycementclinkerthroughoutthecountrywentupfrom15%orsoto40%~50%(80%inHolland,rankingtop)incountriesofWestandNorthEuropeandfrom5%to15%%~90%incountriesofWestEuropeand30%lewastes,incurringtheleakageoftheburnedashescausingsecondarypollution,therefore,,thecoalsubstitutionratepresentedbythealternativefuelsofthecementindustrycametoapproximately30%nTheheatfromexhaustgasdischargedfromcementproductionaccountsformorethan30%peratureexhaustgasdischargedfromthece,nearly80%ofthe64cementkilnsinvestedbyJapanwereinstalledwithlow-temperaturecogenerationequipment,recycling48%,theUSCementAssociationclaimedthatthenewdry-processcemelpollutionBulkcementcarriersarefavorableforresourceconservation,p,bulkcementcanbeloaded,transported,storedandusedinasealed-offwaydirectlywithspecialequipment(tank-bodiedvehicles,vesselsandwarehouses),reducingresourceconsumptiononthepackagi~1975,%%,%%inmid-1950sand90%in1970sandnowremainsat95%,BritainandNorthEuropeancountriesallremainsaround70%.Inrecentyears,handling,transportationandstorageofcementpackedinbulkhavebeenalsorequiredinAsianandSoutheastAsiancountries(suchasSouthKoreaandSingapore).mentIndustrythroughTechnicalInnovationThecementind,thereweremorethan5,000cementmanufacturingenterprisesinChina,,%ofthenationaltotal,withlargeamountsofmineralresources,suchaslimestone,clayandgypsum,%ofthenationaltotal,theamountofdust(smoke)hasconstitutedmorethan30%ofthenationaltotalandtheamountofsulfurdi,,theenterprisesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmentadoptedadvancedrotary-kilntechnologies,,thecementoutputgener,thankstothelessconstructioninvestmentandshortconstructionperiod,~2000,whencementproductiontechnologystructureexperiencedsomechangesinChina,theratioofcementproducedwithsuchadvancedtechnologiesasrotarykilnwasconstantlydecreasing,whiletheratioofcementproducedwithsuchsmall-scalebackwardtechnologiesasshaftkilnwasincreasing,makingup80%,withitsqualitybeingpooryetwithahighconsumptionofresources,aseriousenvironmentalpollutionandalowlaborproductivity,waseliminatedearlyindevelo,effortshavebeensteppeduptoacceleratetheadjustmentofthei,byintegratingtechnologyintroduction,technologyassimilationandindependentdevelopment,Chinastartedtheresearchandde,thelate-modeldry-processcementpr,,theproportionofthedry-processcementaccountedfor70%ofthetotalcementoutput,winningini,theChinesecemententerprisesalsopushedthelump-sumcontractingincludingChina-madecompleteequipmentontotheinternationalmarket,makingup37%ofthekindontheinternationalmarketin2007.。

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